Asa Philip Randolph called on 100,000 blacks to march on Washington, DC, on this date in 1941. The march, in protest of discrimination in the military and in the war industry, was scheduled for July 1, 1941.
Mrs. Emma Clarissa Clement, of Louisville, KY, became the first black woman to be named "American Mother of the Year" by the Golden Rule Foundation on this date in 1946.
Gwendolyn Brooks became the first black person to win a "Pulitzer Prize." Brooks won the award for her book, Annie Allen, on this date in 1950.
Emlen "The Gremlin" Tunnell was signed by the New York Giants as Assistant Coach on this date in 1963-the first black person to serve in this position in the NFL.
Paul Laurence Dunbar, renowned poet and novelist, was commemorated on a U.S. postage stamp on this date in 1975.
Marcelite J. Harris, was promoted to Brigadier General in the U.S. Air Force on this date in 1991. Harris was the first black female general of the Air Force.
Rickey Henderson became Major League Baseball's all-time leader in stolen bases on this date in 1991. His 939 steals broke Lou Brock's previous record. A year later, to the day, Henderson recorded his 1000th career stolen base.
Alexis M. Herman became the first black U.S. Secretary of Labor on this date in 1997.
Former Black Panther Party leader, Eldridge Cleaver, died on this date in 1998.
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